Florida Gardening: The Comprehensive Guide to Planting in March

As the chill of winter recedes and the Sunshine State begins to live up to its name, you might find yourself wondering what to plant in March in Florida. It’s the perfect time to roll up your sleeves, grab your gardening tools, and bring life to your backyard.

Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a green-thumbed beginner, knowing what plants thrive in Florida’s unique climate can be a game-changer. From vibrant flowers to hearty vegetables, let’s delve into the world of Florida gardening and uncover the best plants for your March garden.

So, get ready to dig into the soil and sow the seeds of a lush, verdant paradise right at home. After all, there’s nothing quite like the satisfaction of watching your garden bloom under the Florida sun.

Key Takeaways

  • March is an optimal time to plant various species in Florida because it offers the necessary warmth required for the plants’ germination, growth, and flourishing.
  • Vegetables like pole beans, corn, cucumbers, eggplants, spinach, and sweet potatoes show exceptional growth in March.
  • Flowering plants such as marigolds, zinnias, petunias, bird of paradise, and azaleas also thrive during this period.
  • Individuals need to understand the specific needs of each plant, like the amount of sunlight and water required, resistance to pests, and diseases for successful gardening.
  • USDA Plant Hardiness Zones (8, 9, and 10) significantly influence the success of different plants across Florida in March.
  • Florida’s March warmth allows for successful planting of several herbs like basil, cilantro, mint, dill, and oregano, which carry unique planting and maintenance needs.
  • Floral inclusions like marigolds, zinnias, sunflowers, gomphrena, and cosmos play vital roles in attracting pollinators and boosting the garden’s aesthetic appeal.
  • The planting of fruit trees such as citrus, fig, banana, peach, avocado, and mango trees add diversity to the garden and withstand Florida’s heat well.
  • The success of your garden hinges on regular watering, proper fertilizing, strategic pruning, and diligent pest control techniques, tailored to the needs of each plant.

Overview of Planting in March in Florida

March marks an incredible shift in the weather in Florida, transitioning from the relatively cooler months into a warmer, sunnier era. The shift presents an optimal window for the planting of various species, both edible and ornamental. This time affords the necessary warmth required by certain plants to germinate, grow, and flourish.

Predominantly, vegetables fare well in the nurturing climate of March. Pole beans, corn, cucumbers, and eggplants function ideally in this period. These green leafy vegetables such as spinaches, exhibit exceptional growth in March. Similarly, sweet potatoes offer a rich harvest if planted during this period.

Flowering plants also show a remarkable surge in growth in the March period. Marigold, zinnias, and petunias are renowned for their breathtaking bloom in the Florida sun. A keen gardener enjoys the prolific growth of these flowers. Moreover, the bird of paradise and the azaleas’ exotic blossom can also serve as a specter of beauty in your garden, granting it a true paradise ambiance.

However, understanding the specific needs of each plant proves advantageous for any gardening effort. Each plant blossoms under different care and handling protocols, adapted for its species. Hence, recognizing their sun and water requirements, resistance to pests, and diseases are crucial.

Placing Florida’s geographical location into consideration vastly influences gardening. The state is divided into three USDA Plant Hardiness Zones: 8, 9, and 10. It’s noteworthy that March’s changing weather patterns affect the success of different plants across these zones.

By implementing this information, your garden is set to flourish in the Florida sun, converting it into a living Eden. Make sure you enjoy the gardening process, as it’s not just about planting but creating a vibrant and lush backyard paradise.

Vegetables to Plant in March in Florida

Moving on from the general gardening guidelines, focus now turns to the specific vegetables to plant in the Florida environment during the March planting window.

In March, start by planting eggplants, a heat-loving vegetable. Plant eggplants in containers or directly into your garden, with a 12- to 15-inch space in between each. You’ll find that eggplant thrives in the Florida heat and produces food from spring through to late fall.

Next on the list, peppers. Both sweet and hot varieties make for great additions to your March garden. They’re resilient, require a 1 to 2-foot spacing, and offer high yields from spring until the winter months.

Don’t forget about your leafy greens such as Swiss chard and kale. Despite their preference for cooler weather, Florida’s unique climate allows for a successful harvest if planted early in March. They’ll give you a quick crop in the spring, but won’t survive the May heat – so remember, these greens are for a quick spring harvest only.

Moreover, March signifies the ideal time to plant watermelon in Florida. Encourage growth by providing mounds of well-drained soil for planting, plenty of sun, and room to sprawl.

Last but not least, consider planting radishes for a swift and rewarding yield. Radishes mature quickly, typically within 22-50 days, allowing for multiple plantings in your March garden.

Remember, each of these vegetables serves a purpose and contributes to the overall beauty and productivity of your garden. Take into account that Florida’s USDA Plant Hardiness Zones play a significant role in the success of your planting adventures. By exploring this array of vegetables for your March planting, you’re creating a symphony of colors, tastes, and textures in your Florida garden. Despite the challenges, your efforts reward you with a beautiful and nourishing garden throughout the year.

Herbs That Thrive in March in Florida

Expanding your garden to include herbs provides more diversified tastes. Pairing fruit and vegetables with freshly grown herbs from your backyard enhances not only the aesthetic beauty but flavor profiles as well. In Florida, March’s warm weather offers a promising window for planting a collection of herbs.

Basil tops the list of herbs suited for March planting. Its sun-loving nature thrives in Florida’s climate, sprouting aromatic leaves in varieties such as Sweet Basil, Thai Basil, and Purple Basil. Its rapid growth gives you an early harvest, elevating your culinary dishes.

Second on the list comes the vibrant cilantro. As a cool-season herb, planting cilantro in early March ensures a bountiful harvest. Its distinctive flavor complements a broad array of dishes, playing a crucial role in many Mexican and Asian cuisines.

Mint, another robust herb, grows prolifically in Florida’s March warmth. It’s best to plant mint in containers, given its tendency to spread aggressively. Peppermint and Spearmint represent the common variants, commonly used in teas, salads, and cocktails.

Moving onto dill, this herb thrives during Florida’s cooler spring months. Its feathery leaves and distinctive taste enhance fish dishes, soups, and salads. Dill plants require full sun and well-drained soil, just like Florida’s March conditions satisfy.

Finally, consider adding oregano to your March planting list. Thriving in warmer climates, oregano grows productively in Florida. Its pungent, peppery flavor enriches a multitude of dishes, particularly those echoing its Mediterranean origins.

Remember, each herb carries unique planting and maintenance requirements. Gathering necessary information on each herb ensures your effort leads to a rewarding and tasty harvest. With this combination of herbs in your Florida garden, you’ll be well on your way to creating a diverse, flavorful, and beautiful growing space. These easy-to-grow herbs not only boost your culinary versatility but also add a touch of greenery to your Florida yard.

Flowers to Sow in March in Florida

Expanding your garden’s variety, your next step involves incorporating an array of attractive flowers. These floral additions not only contribute to the garden’s overall aesthetic appeal but also play vital roles in attracting pollinators, thus benefiting your vegetables and herbs.

Primarily, Marigolds make an excellent choice, known for their vibrant yellow and orange blooms. Acting as a natural insect repellent, they’re an attractive and useful addition to any Florida garden.

Secondly, consider Zinnias. These flowers, with their multi-colored blooms, bring a splash of color to your garden. One striking aspect of Zinnias is their resilience in the face of Florida’s heat and humidity.

Thirdly, Sunflowers stand tall and bright amongst other plants. Their seeds come to maturation around summertime, lending a two-fold advantage – beauty and yield.

Subsequently, plant some Gomphrena. They thrive in heat and full sun, making them a perfect fit for Florida’s March climate. Gomphrena’s globe-shaped flowers come in pink, white, and purple, giving your garden a pop of pastel color.

Lastly, Cosmos, with their daisy-like flowers, can create a border or background for your vegetable and herb garden. They attract bees and butterflies that can aid in the pollination of your other plants.

With these floral selections in place, your Florida garden achieves a balance between beauty, utility, and diversity. Remember to consult the USDA Plant Hardiness Zones to ensure the greatest chance of success with these flower varieties. Each one flourishes under specific conditions, thus, making it essential to provide the right care based on your zone.

Fruit Trees That Can Be Planted in March in Florida

On par with vegetables, fruits add a significant balance to your garden, enriching it with diversity and nutritious delights. In March, Florida, with its unique climate, becomes a ripe ground for planting certain fruit trees.

Let’s take a gander at some fruit trees you can easily plant in March in Florida:

  1. Citrus trees, such as oranges, limes, and grapefruits, are exemplary. They appreciate Florida’s warm climate and become a garden’s centerpiece.
  2. Planting Fig trees in March proves especially beneficial. They’re known to withstand Florida’s heat with relative ease.
  3. Banana trees adapt superbly to Florida’s humid environment, resulting in lush, tropical greenery and delicious yields.
  4. Possessing the ability to adjust to varying temperatures, Peach trees make an excellent March addition to your Florida garden.
  5. Try planting Avocado trees during this time, if you’re looking for a yield that’s both aesthetically pleasing and harvest-packed.
  6. Mango trees, elements of lush, tropical charm, match Florida’s climate and grow prodigiously when planted in March.

Remember, before you begin planting fruit trees, always consult the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. It gives you pinpoint guidance on trees that will thrive in your specific region of Florida. Each tree in your garden enhances aesthetic beauty, offers shade, and promotes biodiversity – plus, they provide fresh, homegrown fruit right at your doorstep. So, take your pick from the above list and let your Florida garden bask in the delight of fruitful growth.

Caring for Your March Plantings

After the selection of an array of vegetables, herbs, flowers, and fruit trees suitable for March planting in Florida, it’s vital to ensure each plant receives appropriate care. The success of your garden hinges on regular watering, proper fertilizing, strategic pruning, and diligent pest control techniques.

Adequate watering, according to each plant’s specific needs, forms the foundation of healthy plant growth. Most vegetables and herbs, such as eggplants, peppers, leafy greens, and cilantro, generally require 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week. Meanwhile, newly-planted fruit trees might require additional hydration, specifically during dry periods. Utilize a regular watering schedule, but adjust it as necessary, accounting for rainfall and periods of excessive heat.

Fertilization improves plant nutrition and enhances growth. For instance, vegetables like radishes and watermelon thrive on a rich compost mix. A balanced, slow-release fertilizer suits flower varieties, such as Marigolds and Cosmos. For fruit trees, use a specific tree fertilizer that boasts a mixture of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium.

Pruning is critical to establish healthy plant structures and ensure optimum yields. Regularly prune vegetables like peppers and eggplants, flowers such as Gomphrena and Zinnias, and fruit trees including citrus and peach, for ideal growth. Removing damaged or unnecessary growth allows nutrients to concentrate on yielding more fruit, and vibrant, colorful blooms.

Finally, pest management is essential to safeguard the garden from invading insects. From hand-picking caterpillars off your leafy greens to employing insecticidal soap for heavy infestations, it’s crucial to manage pests proactively. It must be noted that many flowers, such as sunflowers and marigolds, act as natural pest deterrents, adding another level of protection to your garden.

Armed with these techniques, you’re poised to offer optimal care for your March plantings, thereby nurturing them to full bloom and abundant harvest.


You’re now equipped with the knowledge to make your Florida garden thrive in March. From vegetables like eggplants and radishes to herbs such as basil and mint, your culinary garden can flourish. Don’t forget the colorful array of flowers like Marigolds and Zinnias that’ll attract pollinators and brighten your garden. And those fruit trees? Citrus, fig, banana, peach, avocado, and mango trees aren’t just adaptable to Florida’s climate, they’re a delightful addition to any garden. But remember, it’s not just about planting. Proper care is crucial. Watering, fertilizing, pruning, and pest control are all part of the gardening journey. So, get out there, plant, nurture, and watch your March garden in Florida come to life.

What are the ideal plants to grow in Florida during March?

The ideal plants to grow in Florida during March include a range of vegetables like eggplants, peppers, leafy greens, watermelon, and radishes, herbs such as basil, cilantro, and mint, several flowers like Marigolds, Zinnias, Sunflowers, Gomphrena, and Cosmos, and fruit trees which adapt well to Florida’s climate such as citrus, fig, banana, peach, avocado, and mango trees.

What is the importance of understanding USDA Plant Hardiness Zones for successful gardening in Florida?

Understanding USDA Plant Hardiness Zones is crucial for successful gardening in Florida, as it guides you in choosing plants that are suitable for your area’s climatic conditions, ensuring they thrive and produce optimally.

What types of flowers can be sown in March in Florida?

Types of flowers that can be sown in March in Florida include Marigolds, Zinnias, Sunflowers, Gomphrena, and Cosmos. These not only add color and beauty to your garden but also attract pollinators.

What fruit trees can be planted in March in Florida?

Fruit trees that can be planted in March in Florida encompass citrus trees, fig trees, banana trees, peach trees, avocado trees, and mango trees. These have adaptability to Florida’s climate and bring several benefits to your garden.

Why is proper care important for March plantings in Florida?

Proper care is important because it supports optimal growth and harvest of your plants. This involves watering, fertilizing, pruning, and implementing pest control techniques that are tailored to cater to the specific needs of different types of plants such as vegetables, herbs, flowers, and fruit trees.